Foxconn Frequency (no.2) — for one visibly Chinese performer investigates the consequences of disconnecting action and labour from sound. Using the poetry of Xu Lizhi (许立志)—a former Foxconn worker—as a structural blueprint to move through a series of dictations and testings, the piece seeks to create a space for failure and stakes. The most obvious and clear negation is the purposeful disconnection between the musician and her instrument. The use of technology here is meant to disrupt, instead of enable. To create a space of new possibilities through subtraction.

For the core of the piece, a system was devised to "test" the performer's competency with multiple exercises. This system calls these exercises (or “gestures”) differently every performance, keeping the performer present and engaged through-out the piece. The performer must execute these gestures successfully under shifting parameters that determine overall difficulty before progressing forward. This creates a scenario for the player to fail. While traditional scores have attempted difficulty, a software-driven system allows for new permutations. The generative and responsive nature of the system subverts any attempt for the performer to prepare. The struggle becomes real and perceptible, a part of the piece as it unfolds.

There are many reasons for the restriction of "one visibly Chinese performer." In music composition, we often specify instruments (e.g for solo violin), but almost never the body itself. By making this distinction, it is my intention to draw focus to the performer's identity, to engage the eyes as well as the ears, and to bring attention to the “extra-musical,” shifting the mode of audience perception to multiple modalities.

It felt necessary to specify race when confronting the narratives of Foxconn and Xu Lizhi's poetry, as it is the Chinese body at work. The piano, an iconic Western object, is an equal presence to the body, acting as the main resonator and origin of most sounds. They are separated by physical distance, allowing us to see these two entities as separate, and not together (as in most concert music), and to explore this reconfigured space.

for Vicky Chow, with Paul Paroczai, text by Xu Lizhi (许立志)


for one visibly Chinese performer, one MIDI keyboard, two projectors, a computer monitor, and one grand piano (or Disklavier)

written for Vicky Chow, commissioned by the Western Front


  • ISCM 2017 Vancouver - November 8, 2017
  • Banff Centre ARC Faculty Show - August 1, 2017
  • International Symposium On Electronic Art (ISEA) 2016 [Hong Kong] - May 20, 2016
  • Vicky Chow @ Centre for New Music [San Fran] - March 8, 2016
  • Vicky Chow @ Constellation Chicago - January 30, 2016
  • Sonic Anchor #26 @ Hong Kong Arts Centre - January 26, 2016
  • 88 Tuned Bongos @ the Western Front - November 6, 2015